Frequently Asked Questions (Artifact Collecting)
When Is it legal for hobbyists to collect artifacts or dig for artifacts?
- It is legal to collect artifacts from the surface of dry land on privately owned property if the land is not posted, gated, or fenced against entry. We recommend obtaining written permission from the landowner to protect the property owner's rights and to protect the visitor from trespassing. (OCGA 12-3-621)
- It is not legal to surface collect, dig, or metal detect on state property. This includes Civil War sites. (OCGA 12-3-10(n), [12-3-52)
- With the exception of burials and associated objects, archaeological sites belong to the landowner. Landowners can dig archaeological sites - with the exception of burials - that are on their property. DNR recommends that you preserve any archaeological sites that you may own for future generations.
- On privately-owned land, it is legal to dig for artifacts (including when artifacts have been found by metal detecting) if you have written permission of the landowner. All lands in Georgia are either owned privately or by the local, state, or federal government. This includes Civil War sites. Hobbyists and professional archaeologists alike must determine who owns the land and ask their permission first, before undertaking any activity.
- It is not legal to surface collect, dig, or metal detect on state property. This includes Civil War sites. (OCGA 12-3-10(n), 12-3-52)
- It is not legal to disturb or dig human burials or collect human skeletal remains or objects associated with burials, regardless of who owns the land. Three Georgia laws prohibit disturbing graves: OCGA 31-21-44, 31-21-6 and 36-72-1 through 16. If human remains are inadvertently discovered, STOP all land disturbing activity immediately, protect the burial from harm, and notify the local law enforcement authority. As required under OCGA 31-21-6, law enforcement officials will then notify the coroner, the local government, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, who will recommend a permanent protection plan.
In water or on a shoreline or beach
- It is legal to collect artifacts with the permission of the landowner in privately-owned waterways.
- It is not legal to take artifacts off the bottom of state-owned waters. (OCGA 12-3-80)
- If the body of water you're interested in is owned or managed by a local or federal government agency, contact that agency for their policy on artifact collecting.
- To collect artifacts or metal detect on beaches along the coast of Georgia, it is also necessary to first determine ownership of that land and ask permission. Beaches may be private or owned by a governmental agency. To determine who the landowner is, you might start by contacting the DNR Law Enforcement Region VII Office in Brunswick, telephone: 912-264-7237, address: Suite 201, One Conservation Way, Brunswick, GA 31520.
How can I get somebody to identify my artifacts?
- Send us a good photograph of the object including something to show scale; we will give you as much information as we can.
- Contact a university near you with an anthropology department and ask for an archaeologist there to help you.
- Contact an archaeological consulting firm near you and inquire about bringing your artifact by for identification. See the Consultants List on our website.
- Contact the Society for Georgia Archaeology to see if a professional archaeologist or knowledgeable avocational archaeologist is near you and would be willing to be of some help.
- Do research in your local library about similar objects and the culture that produced them.
How do I report an archaeological site?
The Georgia Archaeological Site File (GASF) is the official repository for information about known archaeological sites in Georgia from all periods of prehistory and history. Located on the campus of the University of Georgia in Athens, the GASF maintains a website containing the form to fill out to report a site and other information. People may also contact the office at: The Georgia Archaeological Site File, UGA Laboratory of Archaeology, 1125 Whitehall Road, Athens, GA 30602-4702, phone: (706) 542-9234, firstname.lastname@example.org.